A visit to the Taj Mahal in Agra, India is a once in a lifetime experience. Luckily, this faraway adventure is not in an isolated location. Nearby Jaipur is home to the City Palace, Janter Manter, Hawa Mahal, and the Amer Fort. The travel between Jaipur and Agra can include a stop at Fatehpur Sikri. After taking a leisurely stroll at the Taj Mahal, there should be ample time to explore the Agra Fort and Sikandra.
Visitors undoubtedly will keep the Taj experience at the top of their list. However, most will agree that Agra and Jaipur are also the home to spectacular places that showcase India’s cultural heritage.
Fatehpur Sikri (the City of Victory)
In the second half of the 16th century, the Mughal Emperor Akbar built this red sandstone complex to be the capital of his empire. An 11-kilometer wall that includes several entranceways prevented anyone from entering unannounced. Inside were public and private buildings that serviced the people who lived there. Like other structures of this period, there were imperial pavilions and palaces connected by courtyards, a harem, and accommodations for Akbar’s wives. One of the largest mosques, Jama Masjid is also inside. The architectural style is a fusion of Hindu, Jain, and Islamic characteristics.
Due to a lack of water, the city was abandoned shortly after its completion and remained a ghost town for hundreds of years. Other than natural wear and tear, the imperial complex is in good shape and is not overwhelmed by hordes of visitors.
The Agra Fort is considered by reputable travel sites to be India’s most important fort. Many of the Mughal leaders lived and worked in this capital city. Foreign officials and travelers frequently visited them. The main state treasury and mint were also located here.
The fort was designed with a semi-circular plan that lies parallel to the Yamuna River. The towering walls are approximately 70 feet high. The original structure had four gates, one on each side.
On a clear day, one can take a distant photo of the Taj Mahal. It is less than three kilometers away.
It was customary for Mughal rules to memorialize their existence. Akbar the Great, arranged for the building of this impressive tomb before he died. By taking an active lead in its construction, one can gain a sense of his importance.
The entrance is striking. One approaches the structure via a welcoming walkway. The four white marble minarets stand in contrast to the dark red sandstone mega structure. The attention to detail speaks to a former generation of craftsmen who meticulously created mosaic patterns.
Wildlife roams freely in the park like setting and adds to the monuments serenity. There’s an aura of peacefulness as one walks through Akbar’s monument to his life.
This site is in close proximity to the central part of Agra (less than 6 miles). It is a convenient stop on the drive back to Delhi.
Living in an age when most westerners have simple graveside burials, few can relate to this 17th century mausoleum complex that took over 20 years to construct. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan spared no expense. He built this famous white marble landmark to memorialize his wife who died giving birth to their 14th child. Now that’s a remarkable love story.
The emperor chose a location across the Yamuna River from his own residence, the Agra Fort. On a clear day, don’t forget to take pictures that will remind you of the emperor’s broken heart.
Up close photos at the Taj Mahal site capture the evolving beauty of the massive white marble edifice that shows hints of Indian, Persian, and Islamic influences. It’s a photographers dream location. This spectacular place responds unpredictably to the ebb and flow of the sun’s rays. It’s wise to walk around the complex and take pictures from all angles. Professionals and novices will be thrilled with their assortment of shots.
If the Taj Mahal is on your bucket list, you will have an outstanding adventure exploring nearby sites.
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