Plummeting wind chills, arctic high pressure, and record heat top the list of Michigan weather events on this day in history. From the National Weather Service archives here are the events that happened on Jan. 30.
A huge arctic high pressure center moves south from Canada all the way to the Gulf of Mexico and brings snow to Florida in 1951. Temperatures fall to record lows in Lower Michigan. Grand Rapids sets their all-time record January low of minus 22 degrees. Baldwin, Michigan plunges to minus 37 degrees and Flint had a record low of minus 16 degrees for this day.
In 1996, a high temperature of 1 degree occurred at Weather Forecast Office in Marquette. This was a record cold high temperature for the date.
Very strong northwest winds in the wake of an Arctic cold front in 2008, caused blizzard conditions and bitter cold wind chills over portions of Upper Michigan. The combination of temperatures falling into the teens below zero along with winds gusting over 30 mph at times caused wind chill readings to plummet to 40 below zero. Schools were closed throughout Alger, Iron and Northern Schoolcraft counties due to the bitter cold. Localized blizzard to near-blizzard conditions in snow and blowing snow were reported for areas along Lake Superior and in northern Schoolcraft County. Widespread snow amounts of four to seven inches were reported. Northwest winds gusting over 50 mph at times early morning caused considerable blowing and drifting of snow on area roads. Wind chill readings also plummeted to 25 below to 35 degrees below zero through the day. Many schools throughout Ontonagon County were closed. Further east, temperatures hovered near zero to the single digits above zero during the day, with occasional blinding white-out conditions in falling and blowing snow in Chippewa and Mackinac Counties. Blizzard conditions occurred in the open country of Chippewa County. Wind gusts peaked from 40 to 50 mph. Travel was heavily impacted in the region. Parts of US-2 were closed west of St Ignace, and the Mackinac Bridge was closed to high profile vehicles. There were numerous accidents on area roads. School and event cancellations were widespread, and there were also sporadic power outages. In Marquette County, the combination of temperatures falling below zero along with winds gusting over 35 mph at times caused wind chill readings to plummet to 30 below zero. Schools were closed throughout the county due to the bitter cold, including Northern Michigan University.
Across Lower Michigan the rain changes to snow as the arctic cold front brings a flash freeze to Lower Michigan during the night of Jan. 29, leaving a sheet of ice on the roads. Temperatures fall from the upper 40s to the single numbers, with occasional blinding white-out conditions in falling and blowing snow. There were numerous traffic accidents and some roads were closed for a time. School and event cancellations were widespread, and there were also sporadic power outages.
In 2012, all three Southeast Michigan climate sites saw temperatures soar to new daily record high temperatures. Saginaw, Flint, and Detroit respectively recorded highs of 56 degrees, 58 degrees, and 62 degrees.
The last accumulating snow of the month fell in 2014. Amounts were less than one inch, but it pushed the record monthly snowfall totals to 39.1 inches in Detroit and 32.9 inches in Flint. It was the snowiest single month on record for both locations. The monthly total in Saginaw was 15.6 inches, which was still good for its twentieth snowiest January.