Gusty wind, record snow, and Arctic air top the list of Michigan weather events on this day in history. From the National Weather Service archives here are the events that happened on Feb. 1.
In 1881, a two-day snowstorm blanketed part of Michigan with heavy snow. In Detroit, 12.5 inches of snow fell.
Bitter cold air settled into the Western Upper Peninsula in 1885. A low temperature of minus 20 degrees occurred in Calumet.
February 1918, opened on a frigid note during one of the most severe winters in history across the central and eastern United States. Muskegon tumbles to a record cold minus 22 degrees and Lansing also sets a record with minus 16 degrees. Other daily records around the state include Alpena with minus 27 degrees, Houghton Lake with a brutal minus 48 degrees and Sault Ste. Marie at minus 31 degrees. For Houghton Lake this is the coldest February day ever.
In 1965, Muskegon started the month with their snowiest February day. They received a record 14.2 inches.
Warm air moved into West Michigan in 1968, with record high temperatures. Both Muskegon and Lansing saw a record of 52 degrees.
In 1971, this is a chilly day across Lower Michigan with record cold high temperatures for the day, generally ranging from three to seven degrees. Daily records include Grand Rapids 5 degrees, Muskegon 3 degrees, Lansing 6 degrees, Flint 7 degrees, and Houghton Lake 5 degrees.
Arctic air became entrenched over Upper Michigan during the first four days of February 1996. Some of the low temperatures on this day include Iron River minus 41 degrees, Amasa minus 40 degrees, Stephenson minus 38 degrees, Kenton minus 36 degrees, Iron Mountain minus 33 degrees, Champion minus 33 degrees, Ironwood minus 32 degrees, Bergland minus 32 degrees, and Alberta minus 27 degrees.
In 2002, a record daily snowfall of 14.6 inches occurred at the Weather Forecast Office in Marquette, part of the record snowiest month ever with six to ten inches of snow across the southern U.P. A complex storm system moving northeast from the southern plains brought snow to mainly the east and central portions of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Early morning reports included 10 inches in Herman, Gwinn and Munising, 12 inches near Skandia, and 8 inches in Spaulding, Newberry and Shingleton. Twelve hour snowfall totals by the evening hours were six to ten inches across eastern Upper Michigan in Chippewa and Mackinac Counties.
A low pressure system tracking across Ontario in 2009, brought a strong cold front across Upper Michigan on Feb. 1. As a result, high wind and moderate snowfall occurred at a few locations along Lake Superior. The Houghton County Airport measured frequent wind gusts of 50 to 55 mph throughout much of the morning. A peak wind gust of 62 mph was recorded at 12:25 a.m. The spotter at Freda measured sustained winds of 30 to 40 mph with a peak gust of 52 mph around 7 a.m.
In 2014, a general three to six inches of snow fell across Southeast Michigan, including 4.1 inches in Detroit, 3.5 in Flint, and 3.6 in Saginaw. Port Huron measured the greatest accumulation of 7.5 inches.
A strong storm brought record setting snow to Lower Michigan in 2015. Some locations in West Michigan observed more than a foot and a half of snow. Click this link to read more about heavy snow to start the month. This storm set new daily snowfall records to include Grand Rapids with 8.8 inches, Lansing 8.0 inches, Detroit 13.7 inches, and Flint 8.0 inches.