He made the stars also. It is a statement that God made the stars (Genesis 1:16) along with the other celestial bodies in the universe. There is an incalculable number of stars (Jeremiah 33:22), though vast they are finite (Isaiah 40:26). But the amazing thing about these stars is that God gave them all a name (Psalm 147:4).
At a time when less than 5,000 stars were visible to the human eye, God stated that the stars of heaven were innumerable. Not until the 17th century did Galileo glimpse the immensity of our universe with his new telescope.The Hubble Space Telescope has given us many remarkable views of stars, constellations and galaxies. Today astronomers estimate that there are ten thousand billion trillion stars, that is a 1 followed by 25 zeros! Yet, as the Bible states scientists admit this number may be woefully inadequate.
Each star is unique (I Corinthians 15:41). Centuries before the advent of the telescope, the Bible declared what only God and the angels knew, that each star varies in size and intensity. Astronomers have color coded stars. Some stars have distinct colors that help identify them. The colors depends on the surface temperature of the star. Cool stars appear orange or even reddish, while the hottest stars are bluish.
Constellations and star clusters are groups of stars. The Bible mentions the constellation Orion and the star cluster Pleiades (Job 38:31). Castor and Pollux are mentioned in Acts 28:11. They are in the constellation Gemini. These two stars are to the left of Betelgeuse, a red supergiant in the Orion constellation. Arcturus is mentioned in Job 9:9 and Job 38:32. It can be seen close to the Big Dipper (Ursa Major, the Great Bear). The largest of the constellations is Hydra, which represents a multi-headed sea serpent from Greek mythology. The smallest constellation is Crux, the Southern Cross. Hydra covers almost 20 times as much sky as Crux. Speaking of the Greeks, many of the constellations that we see today are from the ancient Greeks.
Ptolemy, a Greek astronomer (made the geocentric model of our solar system) listed 48 constellations in his book “The Almagest”. The book was written around 150 A.D.. Ptolemy’s constellations did not fill the entire sky in the Northern Hemisphere. He had no constellations listed for the Southern Hemisphere. In 1690, Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius added seven constellations to the northern sky to fill the gaps between the constellations described by Ptolemy.
In 1627, a deeply religious German mapmaker, Julius Schiller, published a Christian star atlas in which he depicted all the constellations as figures from the Bible. The constellations in the Northern Hemisphere represented figures from the New Testament, and those in the Southern Hemisphere, the Old Testament. the replacements included Noah’s Ark for Argo, the ship of the Argonauts.
Many other astronomers tried to invent constellations, but only a few were adopted. The final list of 88 constellations and their boundaries was agreed upon earlier in the 20th century by the International Astronomical Union, astronomy’s governing body.
Then we have the galaxies such as our own called the Milky Way. Another famous galaxy always talked about is Andromeda. The Milky Way Galaxy is a spiral galaxy containing about 100 billion stars. Our solar system and nearby stars are located in one of the spiral arms towards the galaxy’s outer edge. Our sun is just one of these innumerable stars. There are at least 100 billion galaxies, that are known to exist with new ones being discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope.
Psalm 19:1 says it all! “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.” (King James Version).