Capital Region families: Are you getting a fat check back from Uncle Sam? If the latter (and 75% of Americans are), before you release the balloons and throw the confetti, it might interest you to know that a giant refund isn’t cause for celebration.
Stop giving a free loan to the government.
The simple reason you don’t want a refund is that getting one means that you’ve just loaned the U.S. government your money—without making interest on the loan.
It’s not the smartest financial plan, especially if you’re lugging around credit card debt, student loans or a negative balance of any kind. Instead of loaning that money to the government, you could be making that money work for you—and earning interest on it at the same time.
Here’s what you could be doing with your money if you had had it for that year. Let’s assume you had $2,800, the amount of the average refund in 2015:
You could save for retirement. When you let the government sit on nearly $3,000 for up to 12 months, you’re giving up a huge opportunity for savings. What if, instead of waiting for the I.R.S. to refund you your overpayments each spring, you bumped up your 401(k) contributions by a percentage point or two (or more)? Over several decades of your working career, that change could earn you a more comfortable existence in your golden years.
If you had an unexpected car expense or medical bill, you’d probably be really happy you had your money up front.
You could have an emergency fund. That $2,800 is no small chunk of change. If you had an unexpected car expense or medical bill, you’d probably be really happy you had it. Emergency funds don’t spring up overnight—you have to put money aside, little by little. If you don’t have one, an extra $233 a month would help start to fill yours out. (Your goal is to have enough funds to tide you over for six months.) If you had an unexpected car expense or medical bill, you’d probably be really happy you had it.
You could pay down debt. As mentioned, a refund of $2,800 is an extra $233 a month you could have had in your pocket—which you could have used to pay off debt or to have kept yourself from getting into debt. About half of U.S. households report carrying a credit card balance. You could dedicate that extra money to paying down balances. Even if you’re not paying that high of an interest rate on your plastic, the average credit card charges 13% to 15% in interest, so keeping your balance low (or nonexistent) is a good idea.
If you’re getting $200 back in April, there’s no need to go rushing to your benefits department to adjust your withholding. But if your refund is closer to $1,000 to $2,000, and especially if the amount is a relatively big percent of your income, you should consider making an adjustment. Your best bet: the I.R.S.’s withholding calculator. It requires some information, such as how much in taxes has been withheld so far this year, so you’ll probably want your most recent paycheck handy, as well as your most recent tax return. Once you find out what your withholding should be, you can file a new W-4 with your employer, sit back and wait for your fatter paycheck.
This theory—that money in your pocket is better than money you’re loaning to the federal government—only works if you can exhibit some self-control. If extra cash every month is merely going to go toward eating out more often or buying yourself the next iPhone—then you’d be better off leaving well enough alone.
If you do decide to take the high (paying) road, consider putting something in place to keep you from squandering your newfound funds. For instance, set up an automatic transfer every payday from your bank account to a savings, retirement or investment account, or to your student loan company. Or go ahead and boost your 401(k) contributions by an equivalent percentage. Your 65-year-old self will thank you later.