The American Revolution was perhaps the most important conflict in the history of the United States. Without it, it is unlikely the country would look like it does today. No one knows for sure what would have happened had there not been a war for independence, but most Americans do know what happened as a result, a democratic nation. Here are some quick facts about this important war for those who want to brush up on their American history.
The American Revolution began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775. Legend has it that the battle began when one of the soldiers fired without orders. No one knows for sure which side fired the first shot, but the result was a battle that crossed several towns and drove the British back to Boston where a siege began.
The American Revolution lasted from 1775 until 1783, though the British surrendered at Yorktown in 1781.
It is unlikely that the colonists would have won the American Revolution without the help of the French. This help was enlisted largely due to the efforts of Benjamin Franklin, who corresponded with French officials, convincing them to come to the aid of the colonies. Of course, the French did so largely because England was an enduring enemy of France.
It is estimated that more than 100,000 men died during the American Revolution from several causes, including illness. The numbers are small compared to more modern wars, but are quite large when compared to the population at the time of the countries involved.
George Washington was the leader of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. His position was one of the deciding factors when it came time to elect him as the first President of the United States. It may also be why the president is still the Commander in Chief to this day.
The Battle of Bunker Hill was one of the early battles waged while the British were under siege in Boston. However, there was no fight on Bunker Hill. The fight actually took place on Breed’s Hill, which was quite near Bunker Hill. The battle was planned for Bunker Hill, but mistakes were made and the fortifications needed to fight the British were erected on the wrong hill.
With roughly eight years spent fighting, anyone could spend a lifetime studying what happened during the American Revolution, and many people do. Thankfully, history was preserved very well. Those interested can see a wealth of letters, battle sites and artifacts in places like Massachusetts and Pennsylvania.