Wildlife management is a complex procedure and is difficult to monitor. The federal agencies that are assigned to this task use outdated and inadequate methods to oversee wildlife. The procedures do not work and actually cause more harm than if the wildlife would be left alone. A study found that a major government agency implemented lethal wildlife management, provides inappropriate subsides for private interest, ineffective programs, and outdated and inadequate under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)is concerned about the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs that are inefficient and inhumane to wildlife. The HSUS is working with the public in a program called Wild Neighbors providing information on how urban residents can live with wildlife in their neighborhoods. They provide a list of animals found in cities and criteria for people to follow in the event of an encounter. Wisconsin Department of Natural resources also has helpful procedures for Milwaukee residents.
Lethal wildlife management involves targeting an entire population of wild animals for reduction and is controlled systemically by legal hunting, culling, poisoning or other means to reduce the population. These procedures are highly controversial though the claims that they are science based. The reasons for the targeting list the round-up and killing of geese because they defecate on lawns or poison ground squirrels because they dig holes in parks. The coastal regions target sea lions because they eat the salmon and the mountain areas kill the mountain lion because they kill the deer that man wants to hunt.
It has been documented that for more than a century the USDA has used killing as a population and pest control method that are inhumane. They use spring loaded devices planted into bait when an animal tugs at the meat a sodium cyanide pellet is propelled into the animal’s mouth and mixes with the saliva producing deadly hydrogen cyanide gas. Coyotes are poisoned slowly when they attack goats and sheep fitted with a collar of Compound 1080 causing convulsions and a demise that last from five to fourteen hours.
The USDA also provides inappropriate subsidies for private interests that are taken from tax dollars the president has proposed a fiscal 2016 budget cut for this appropriation. The remainder of the funding is taken from state and local taxes and fees paid by individuals. These subsidies benefit owners of animals grazing on public lands, concentrated animal feeding operations, industrial timber operators and commercial fish farmers. Though this information should be open to the public the accountability is hidden.