A snowstorm, dangerous wind chills, and shipwrecks top the list of Michigan weather events on this day in history. From the National Weather Service archives here are the events that happened on Dec 10.
In 1876, the overnight temperature plummeted to minus 9 degrees in Detroit. This is 34 degrees below the average overnight temperature for this day.
The steel, bulk freight R.L. Ireland was heavily damaged in a stranding earlier in the fall, but was pulled off the rocks before the waves destroyed her on this day in 1906. Struck by a gale while in tow to Duluth, she broke her hawser and was driven ashore in the Apostle Islands, Wis. in Lake Superior where waves wrecked her. Declared a total loss at the time, but recovered and lasted as Sirius and Ontadoc until 1970.
In 1943, the steel, bulk freight Sarnian, while carrying barley, was driven ashore one half mile south of Pte Isabelle, Bete Grise Bay in Lake Superior by the giant waves of a northeast gale. Her crew was rescued by the U.S.C.G., but the vessel was a total loss. Raised and removed to Chicago in 1944, where she was cut up for scrap. She was bound from Port Arthur.
Record highs in the lower 60s are recorded across Lower Michigan as a southerly flow of warm moist air precedes a cold front in 1971. Records include Grand Rapids with 62 degrees, Muskegon 61 degrees, Lansing 63 degrees, Alpena 56 degrees, Detroit 64 degrees, Flint 63 degrees, and Houghton Lake 55 degrees. Record rains of around 2 inches fall as the cold front moves through. Grand Rapids observes a record 2.13 inches, Muskegon 1.82 inches, and Flint 0.74 inches.
In 1995, 27.8 inches of snow fell in 24 hours in Sault Ste. Marie, a 24 hour record. A man was found frozen to death in a snowbank near his disabled vehicle on Harju Road near Bruce Crossing or about 30 miles southeast of Ontonagon. Overnight lows were around minus 15 degrees with wind chills as low as 60 degrees below zero.
From the Storm Data and the National Weather Summary, squalls produced heavy snow in the Great Lakes Region in 1988. In the snowbelt of Upper Michigan, the Ontonogon area reported two feet of snow in two days.
In 2003, a snowstorm impacted Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The Weather Forecast Office in Marquette had a record daily snowfall of 11.5 inches of snow and a daily record water equivalent of 1.28 inches.
Near blizzard conditions develop as heavy snow combines with strong winds in 2009. From 12 to 16 inches of snow piles up across much of western Lower Michigan from Dec. 9, to Dec. 11. In Grand Rapids 13.6” falls. Read more here, Snow and wind for West Michigan and here, Storm total snowfall.