What are your favorite Olympic sports and do you know how many events there are in that sport during the 2016 Rio Olympics? Over the years, the have been sporting events have stood the test of time; while others, such as chariot races, have lost their appeal and public interest. Stick around and read about the twenty eight different sports represented in current Olympic games and the forty one different divisions within.
Aquatic sports include five different sporting events. First is diving which premiered in the 1904 St. Louis Games. Divers skillfully leap from the diving platform into a pool performing intricate acrobatic maneuvers that are marked by judges.
The next three aquatic events are different types of swimming competitions. Synchronized swimming, which began in 1984 at the Los Angeles Olympic Games, could really be considered gymnastics in a pool, as teams of swimmers perform perfectly choreographed routines in the pool to a musical soundtrack. Marathon swimming, initiated in the 2008 Beijing Games, are racing swimmers in a 10km open-water circuit. General Swimming, dating back to the 1896 Athens Games, is where swimmers must complete a set distance inside the pool, in some cases using a specific swimming style.
The aquatic sports round out with water polo, originating in the 1900 Paris Games. Two teams of seven players face each other in the pool with the objective of throwing the ball into the opposition’s goal.
Archery premiered in the 1900 Paris Games. The object is to hit a bull’s eye on a target from a distance of 70m. It sounds so simple; however the art of archery is no simple task at all.
Athletics is a group of events that include running, jumping and throwing. Premiering at the Athens Games in 1896, the task is simple: outperform your opponent.
Badminton, the beloved backyard game where a shuttlecock is hit back and forth with a racket was first introduced as an Olympic sport at the Barcelona Games in 1992. The is a sport that many spectators can brag about their own talents and even can even take as a college physical education class (of which this Examiner passed with flying colors!).
Basketball debuted in the Berlin Games of 1936. For those who have never heard of March Madness or have not followed your favorite collage team sports, basketball is made up of two opposing teams of five players who shoots baskets with a ball.
Boxing has been an Olympic sport since the 1904 St. Louis Games. Two fighters take turns punching each other in the head or above the belt.
The sport of canoeing has two different events. The first is Slalom which began during the Munich Games of 1972. Canoes or kayaks maneuver through a 250m white water course that has multiple gates and obstacles. Sprint canoeing debuted in the Berlin Games of 1936. Canoes or kayaks of various lengths and crew sizes must complete a straight course in the shortest possible time.
Cycling dates back to the 1896 Athens Games when road cycling was established. In 1996 mountain biking entered the Atlanta Games. Most recently, BMX cycling entered the Olympic area in the Beijing Games of 2008.
Equestrian sports are a time honored tradition where the athlete is only as good as the horse is trained. Jumping debuted in the Paris Games of 1900 where athletes complete a jumping course of 8 to 12 obstacles in the fastest possible time without any faults. Dressage premiered in the Stockholm Games of 1912. In total silence the rider must prompt the horse to perform compulsory movements and freestyle routines choreographed to music. Eventing, also beginning in the Stockholm Games of 1912, is where riders must compete in three types of horsemanship: dressage, cross country and jumping.
Fencing dated back to the Athens Games of 1896 and is combat sport between two fencers. The aim is to land blows on the opponent’s target area body with a blunt-ended blade as many times as possible during a match.
Field hockey began in the London Games of 1908. Two teams of 11 players use sticks to control, dribble, pass and shoot a ball.
Football, known as soccer in America, was initiated in the Paris Games of 1900. Two teams of 11 players must try to put the ball in their opponent’s goal, while defending their own.
Golf was introduced as an Olympic game in 1900 at the Paris Games. Players use a selection of clubs to get their ball from the teeing ground into a hole in the fewest number of shots .
Gymnastics is one of the most watched and beloved sports within the Summer Olympic Games. Artistic Gymnastics was an original sport of the 1896 Athens Games. With strength, balance, flexibility and grace, these athletes push themselves to the limits using a vaults, bars and beams, not to mention the jaw dropping apparatus-free ‘floor’ routines
Rhythmic Gymnastics first appeared in the Los Angeles Games of 1984 where gymnasts perform choreographed routines incorporating hand-held apparatus using the full area of the mat and breath-taking maneuvers. Believe it or not, trampoline began to be a sport at the Sydney Games of 2000. Bouncing on a trampoline to heights of eight metres, athletes perform acrobatic movements such as twists and somersaults in mid-air.
Handball debuted at the Berlin Games of 1936. Two teams of seven players pass the ball hand-to-hand and attempt to score by throwing it into the other team’s goal.
Judo premiered in the Tokyo Games of 1964. Athletes must throw their opponent onto the ground with their back on the floor. Once an opponent is immobilized on the ground for 20 seconds, a player wins or is forced to a submission.
The modern pentathlon was brought to life in the Stockholm Games of 1912. Athletes compete in an enduring one day competition that includes fencing, swimming, horse riding, running and a shooting event, with the first to cross the line winning the gold medal.
Rowing and Rugby sevens were both established in the Paris Games of 1900. Rowing involves boats of varying lengths and crew sizes race over a straight 2000m course; meanwhile Rugby sevens Is a seven-a-side version of rugby union, two teams attempt to score tries or win penalties, moving an oval-shaped ball from player to player by hand, always passing it backwards.
Sailing and shooting where among the original Athens Games of 1896. Sailing is powered only by the wind, and athletes must sail their boats around a course marked out by buoys. Shooting involves a variety of firearm classes and positions and competitors must shoot at stationary or moving targets.
Table tennis, also known as ping pong, debuted in the 1988 Seoul Games. The sport has two players that use small bats to hit a light, plastic ball over the net and onto the other side.
Taekwondo premiered in the Sydney Games of 2000. Participants score points by landing kicks and punches on the torso and head of their opponent.
Tennis is an original sport from the Athens Games of 1896. Athletes must hit the ball with a racket over a net into the opponent’s area.
Triathlon began as a sport in the Sydney Games of 2000. In a triathlon, athletes must complete a course consisting of a 1.5km swim, 40km cycle and 10km run.
Volleyball entered the Olympic area of games at the 1964 Toykyo games; meanwhile beach volleyball was introduce in the 1996 Atlanta Games. In both venues, players must try to hit the ball on to the ground in their opponents’ court, while protecting their own court.
Freestyle Wrestling debuted at the St. Louis Games in 1904. Two wrestlers attempting to maneuver their opponent into point-scoring holds and throws or a match-winning fall. Greco-Roman was an original sport of the Athens Games in 1896.